in the drift: Spring 2016
Issue 25, Spring 2016
Dear Society for Freshwater Science,
Welcome to the annual meeting edition of the newsletter. Always the craziest issue (yes, we have talks we need to put together too!), but nonetheless it's full of fantastic content. This time around we've got a list of last-minute meeting details for Sacramento, there's a super sweet FWS Article Spotlight straight from Bangladesh, Pam Silver shows us trends in the content of our journal over the past three and a half decades, we get some insight on human diversity issues in freshwater science by talking to Brooke Penaluna and Ivan Arismendi about their recent analysis for Bioscience, and we hear about how SFS is participating in CASS (the Consortium of Aquatic Sciences Societies). So we hope you find time to read some of it before arriving in Sacramento this Saturday!
Meanwhile, the SFS meeting organizers (here's who they are) and USU Conference Services are doing a fantastic job of pulling everything together for our annual freshwater "family reunion". Happy travels to the Golden State, and we will see you there!
Short SFS notes and quick links collected from "the drift"
- Your 2016 SFS Award-winners! (at least the Awards of Excellence and Environmental Stewardship; there were no nominees this year for the Distinguished Service Award)
- Also note on the above Awards link that there is a new online nomination portal. With nominations this easy, someone is sure to be nominated for all the different awards this next year!
- Everything you need to know about Sacramento 2016 HERE.
- Matt Whiles's latest President's Environment.
- Please help redesign the SFS web page. Take a helpful survey HERE.
- Speaking of the web page, if you see Ryan Hill around, congratulate him on becoming the new SFS Web Editor!
- Listen to the latest Making Waves podcast. This month is Dr. Soren Brothers on production pathways in the Great Lakes.
- Do you enjoy communicating science? Then please join the PIP (Public Information and Publicity) Committee meeting in Sacramento. We need new ideas and new blood for the podcast, newsletter, social media, and any other ideas you have. Sunday at noon in the Sheraton Gardenia Room.
- Elections results are in! Our new president-elect for 2016 is Colden Baxter; secretary is Sally Entrekin; BoD non-academic delegate is Stuart Findlay; and non-North American delegate is Angus Webb. Thanks for your service, all!
- Read about the proposed Constitutional Revisions that we will vote on at the Business Lunch.
- Read the proposed SFS Diversity statement
- Read the latest issue of Freshwater Science
- We will also vote to approve the minutes from last year's business meeting, which are here (with member login).
- Mark Wetzel and the SFS Lit Review Committee continue to work hard on the bibliographies. Help them out if you can by sending them your papers. The 2014 Biblio is now posted, along with the latest update from Mark HERE.
- Follow the Student Resources Committee (SRC) on Facebook and/or Twitter
- Last-minute info for Sacramento 2016!
- Freshwater Science Article Spotlight
- Pam's Journal Notes
- ITD Q&A: Brooke Penaluna and Ivan Arismendi
- CASS (Consortium of Aquatic Sciences Societies)
Thanks to USU conference services rep Joy Brisighella and SRC president Joanna Blaszczak for providing us these last-minute pointers.
- Get various versions of the program including gridded 'cheat sheet', searchable abstracts, etc. here: http://sfsannualmeeting.org/agenda.cfm
- Check out this useful website put together for SFS by 'Visit Sacramento'. They even have a discount dining program at participating restaurants — given you continue to wear your geeky name badge to prove that you are a meeting 'delegate'.
- Upload your oral presentation online here. Do this NO LATER THAN MIDNIGHT the night before your talk.
- Single-day registration rates will be available, as will guest tickets for the offsite social. Ask about these at the registration booth.
- Chapter meetings will be held in Room 301 throughout the week. If you still need to sign up, there will be a sign-up sheet and schedule on the message board next to the registration booth.
- The 2016 Hynes Award will be announced for the first time on Saturday night, and the 2016 recipient will give a presentation in Raleigh (2017 meeting site).
- There are still spots left for the SRC Science Communication Workshop. Think about joining: it's not just for students! Call (435) 797-9270 to sign up.
- SRC has a new event called the 'SFS Connections Sweepstakes'. Attendees who make a $5 donation in exchange for a sweepstakes ticket get the opportunity to interact with a prominent SFS scientist outside of the meeting. Tickets and info will be available Saturday & Sunday at the SRC Merchandise Booth.
- The live auction (again featuring karaoke!) and silent book auction are back. If you have books to contribute, please drop them off at the auction table by no later than Sunday at 4pm or contact Andrea (email@example.com). If you'd like to contribute to the live auction, please contact Dustin (firstname.lastname@example.org) for details.
- SRC is still looking for student volunteers to help with the fabulous student-run events. Please sign up here to help out, meet cool people, and have a great time.
- Finally, the USU Conference Services contact for any conference-related questions is Joy Brisighella. Contact her at Joy.email@example.com or (435) 797-9270.
...And do not forget to pat a member of the 2016 Annual Meeting Committee on the back and say thanks if you see them in Sacto: Amy Burgin, Jim Harrington & Jay Jones
The dual power of 'jhinuk' and S.M.A.R.T. researchChowdhury, Zieritz & Aldridge, Issue 35(1) pages 188-199.
Bangladesh, home of this issue's spotlighted author Gawsia Chowdhury, is known as a 'land of wetlands'. But Bangladesh's lush freshwater heritage is facing inordinate pressure from a dense human population that relies strongly on aquatic ecosystem services and also takes great pride in the beauty and tranquility of these waters. The problem is big, and solutions do not come easy. Costly restoration interventions are typically not an option in developing countries, so Gawsia and collaborators began seeking more natural solutions that resource managers could turn to without having to break the bank.
Dhanmondi Lake in central Dhaka City wound up being the focal site for the project described in Gawsia et al.'s FWS spotlighted article because background data on this long, shallow lake were quite strange: the lake had pollutants of all sorts (including heavy metals, cyanide, fecal coliform from raw sewage, waste materials dumped from hospitals and industry, and extremely high nutrient concentrations) but somehow maintained high water clarity. The authors figured that if they could identify the natural processes that were managing to keep Dhanmondi Lake clear against the odds, these findings could help guide management of lakes and wetlands throughout the country. So they investigated the potential role of mussels (known locally as 'jhinuk') as biofilters. It turns out that the dense populations of jhinuk occupying the nearshore habitat of Dhanmondi are likely playing pivotal roles both actively (in the hypothesized biofiltration capacity) and passively (providing natural substrate that supports other invertebrate species). Indeed, based on laboratory measurements of filtration rates, Gawsia et al. estimated that the mussels present in Lake Dhanmondi filter the entire volume of the nearshore habitat approximately every 21 hours — a process that appears to be responsible for the lake's high water clarity in spite of the copious nutrient availability for algae. Furthermore, the lake has a surprisingly diverse macroninvertebrate fauna considering the pollutant levels. The authors found a tight spatial correlation between non-mussel macroinvertebrate diversity and jhinuk density, a pattern suggesting that mussels create local habitat conditions that facilitate the development of diverse animal assemblages.
Co-authors David Aldridge and Gawsia Chowdhury (first and second from left) collecting samples from the muddy substrate of another lake in Bangladesh called Baikka Beel with collaborators, including Dr. Md. Anwarul Islam (far right), the current CEO of the WildTeam NGO (Photo: WildTeam)
As you might suspect, doing research on these lakes is not easy, nor is it easy to be a female lead scientist in Bangladesh. Gawsia faced some tough circumstances but has maintained high energy, an optimistic and driven attitude, and pride in the conservation work that she is doing for her homeland. She started this career trajectory several years ago as a volunteer for the NGO "WildTeam" (formerly Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh), and she continues to collaborate with this group. Her spotlighted article represents a component of her PhD research completed at Cambridge University (U.K.), where co-author David Aldridge (head of the Aquatic Ecology Group, AEG) was her major adviser, and co-author Alexandra Zieritz was a fellow member of the AEG and is now a postdoc at the University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, still working on mussels. Gawsia received a Commonwealth Scholarship to attend Cambridge, and while there she mastered all the field methods in the local River Cam that she would later apply in Bangladesh (thanks to training sessions organized by David!). With the help of collaborators (too many to list!) from WildTeam and others in Bangladesh and the surrounding region, she was able both to organize the fieldwork and to set up a lab for the filtration experiments. Transferring research equipment from the U.K. to Bangladesh was difficult, as was organizing the fieldwork while also undergoing physical therapy for a neck injury (and falling out of the boat and into the lake twice — which appears to have had nothing to do with the neck injury), but she credits her ultimate success to a "S.M.A.R.T." research plan. S for "specific", M for "measurable", A for "attainable", R for "realistic", T for "time bound". Our correspondence with Gawsia also suggests that she is no less than a force to be reckoned with, and she takes much pride in her work. About facing hardship, she says "Sometimes it would seem very difficult to complete a task, but when it is all about serving for wetland conservation and serving the nation, it gives strength".
So, what will become of Gawsia et al.'s findings on the jhinuk? She and collaborators are currently planning to evaluate other lakes of Bangladesh to assess the replicability of the findings from Dhanmondi Lake, and she is helping to organize a national workshop on the importance of aquatic biomonitoring and biofiltration. The workshop will include both national and international experts and managers, and the hope is that it will result in a detailed plan for the application of the freshwater mussels, jhinuk, as biofilters.
Gawsia explains the freshwater mussel filtration experiment to the Founder Chairman of WildTeam, Mr Enayetullah Khan (middle), who provided some funding for the project and helped establish the necessary laboratory facilities. Co-author (and Gawsia's PhD adviser at Cambridge) David Aldridge is on the left. (Photo: WildTeam)
Gawsia and David collecting mussels and other invertebrates from what Gawsia described as a "country boat" on Lake Baikka Beel in NE Bangladesh; the hired boatman (in back) is helping too. (Photo: WildTeam)
In which Pam tells us about how she and Sheila took a step back from all the changes to FWS in recent years to have a look at broader scale patterns in content across the lifetime of our Society's journal.
In the last five years, the journal has changed its title, publisher, business model, and size. The short-term changes have been so frequent that one can lose perspective on the journal as a whole. I asked Sheila Stephens, FWS's editorial assistant, to compile a database that consisted of the metadata (journal title, volume, issue, publication date, authors, title, abstract, and key words) for every article published in the journal since 1982. Then we assigned each article to a discipline (e.g., biology, hydrology, conservation), focal organism (e.g., insects, periphyton, organic matter, mollusks), habitat type (e.g., lakes, streams, laboratory), study type (e.g., descriptive, experimental, review, methods), and standardized keywords (e.g., organic-matter dynamics, hydraulics, life history, molecular biology). Our goal was to seek long-term patterns in journal scope and content, so we tried to be "lumpers" rather than "splitters" as we assigned key words. We allowed articles to have more than one key word, focal organism, habitat type, etc., and we excluded key words that were assigned fewer than five times in the database.
We found that the scope of the journal has increased over time, and a strong shift toward environmental problem solving has occurred in the last five years (Fig. 1). The percentage of conservation-related topics remains small despite the strong commitment of SFS to conservation.
Fig. 1. Articles assigned by major discipline. Bioassessment articles were assigned to "Biology". "Environmental Science" includes environmental problem solving (e.g., restoration). "Science" includes topics like study design, philosophy of science, and others that override the other disciplines. (Click the image to see a larger version.)
We also see that some key words (e.g., disturbance, food web, community structure, taxonomy, organic matter processing) are perennial and form the core of the journal's content through time and title changes (Fig. 2). Other key words appear, rise to prominence, and then fade (e.g., bioassessment). Some (e.g., life history) have declined, whereas others have appeared and increased (e.g., molecular biology, stoichiometry, subsidies, urban streams) (see also Fig. 3). The data indicate increasing breadth and relatively even partitioning of journal space among many topics.
Fig. 2. The top 31 keywords (assigned to ≥40 of the 1,986 articles considered; range: 5–191 occurrences) grouped in 10-year intervals except the first five-year interval, which encompasses Freshwater Invertebrate Biology and the first year of J-NABS. (Click the image to see a larger version.)
After slow but steady growth and relatively little change in content during the 1980s and early 1990s, the key words show a pattern of rapid change in breadth accompanied by exponential growth in the number of articles published. However, the growth is not uniform over time (Fig. 3). Instead growth seems to occur in five- to seven-year cycles that roughly correspond to major changes in how the journal is managed or published. For example, e-mail correspondence became more common in the early 1990s, online publishing began in 2000, online manuscript tracking and editing began in 2006, and the title changed from Journal of the North American Benthological Society to Freshwater Science in 2012.
Fig. 3. Number of articles in each issue assigned to the top 31 key words. The x-axis shows journal title, editor, volume, and year. Note that individual papers may have been represented more than once if >1 of the represented keyword was assigned (so the y-axis represents frequencies of keywords, which is related to but not equal to total number of papers). (Click the image to see a larger version.)
Brooke and Ivan authored a recently published Bioscience article assessing race/ethnicity and gender diversity in the professional/academic fisheries workforce in the United States (doi 10.1093/biosci/biw041; direct link on Ivan's website). Because SFS is about to adopt an official diversity statement, we asked Brooke and Ivan about their analysis and what kind of insight they can give us about promoting diversity. (Note that they also plan to present a poster on these issues in Sacramento, so stop by and see them!)
ITD: What motivated the analysis?
B&I: There have been many recent discussions about complex problems that arise in natural resources, such as fisheries, and how those issues may be best addressed with a broad collection of knowledge, skills, and experiences found in a diverse workforce. However, there were never any numbers to show us exactly how diverse the fisheries science workforce was or is. We wanted to quantify gender and ethnicity/race diversity in fisheries science as a starting point for conversations about workforce diversity. After all, we are both diverse scientists, so the topic is especially relevant to us.
ITD: The goal of the study was to describe patterns of human diversity in Fisheries Science specifically. Why the specific fish focus and not aquatic ecology in general?
B&I: We were interested in understanding whether there were idiosyncrasies in a sub-discipline under the broader STEM umbrella. We focused on fisheries science because the majority of the work that the two of us do in aquatic ecology is related to fishes. In addition, fisheries professionals are most often found in fisheries departments, or in positions with fisheries in their name, but because professionals in the broader aquatic sciences are found across many academic departments or categories it would have been more difficult to survey them. In the future, we are interested in conducting a survey of SFS members to assess the broader aquatic ecological science community.
ITD: How did you conduct the web survey, and, more specifically, how did you separate out professionals who study fisheries from those who work more broadly in aquatic science?
B&I: Information about government employees was provided from self-identifying information through the Freedom of Information Act. Information about faculty at universities was obtained by searching webpages from US institutions of higher education that offer minors, majors, or graduate studies in fisheries. Most of these institutions were found at the website of the National Association of University Fisheries and Wildlife Program (NAUFWP 2015), but we also considered additional institutions that offered majors in marine biology or aquaculture. Then, we included all faculty members in those programs, many of which actually do have broader research areas than fisheries.
ITD: So it stands to reason that perhaps your results translate to some degree at least to the broader field of aquatic ecology in general. Do you agree?
B&I: We do not really know without looking into it, but we suspect that the proportions may be a little different, perhaps with a higher representation of women, but with the same general patterns. Since this work has come out, we have been approached by many peers and colleagues in other sub-disciplines, like wildlife, forestry, neuroscience, and rangeland sciences and they have expressed that they perceive similar issues of diversity inequities as we showed in the paper.
ITD: How hard was it to assign race/ethnicity by just looking at a faculty member's website?
B&I: Assigning race based on visual observations is a difficult task. We grouped individuals into the ethnicity/race categories used in the United States census. We followed guidelines offered by the federal government and looked for clues, including self-identifying information, knowledge about the person's home community, where he/she was born, languages spoken, and his/her name.
ITD: You report the gender and ethnicity trends in "Biosciences" PhD programs for comparison, but perhaps those data do not reflect what is happening specifically in fisheries PhD programs. Do you have a feel for whether the pool of PhD-holding candidates for academic and white-collar government fisheries positions might comprise lower diversity than for the biosciences in general?
B&I: We do not know exactly, but diversity is probably lower in Fisheries Science PhD programs than in Biological Sciences. However, many faculty members in Fisheries Science have doctoral degrees from biosciences fields outside of fisheries, including microbiology, genetics, and ecology. Specific information on demographics of individual departments at each university is difficult to obtain.
Brooke and Ivan increasing the cultural and gender diversity of the professional fisheries workforce in the RÍo Maullin, Chile.
ITD: The biggest dropoff in % women between academic levels was between associate and full professor. You cite a couple of potential reasons for this: women might overcommit to service, and women are more likely than men to make lifestyle choices associated with having children. Do you think these have to do with fundamental personality differences between men and women? Can you give some suggestions for "solving" this issue?
B&I: It does not seem to be personality differences between men and women that lead to women stalling out in mid-level positions, but rather related to issues that are biological, cultural, and social. To help, institutions can offer benefits for men and women alike, including paid family leave, extensions on key responsibilities (including the tenure clock), and flexibility in duties.
ITD: What instigated the breakdown of the dataset into regions?
B&I: Population demography is different among regions in the United States. That difference made us wonder whether we see the same demographic structure in fisheries professionals. We can also identify regions where diversity seems to be fostered (or not).
ITD: "Fit" in academic job searches is often a controversial issue, as it is typically not quantified objectively. Any ideas how we can include measures of diversity into search committees' perception of "fit" for new academic hires?
B&I: Institutions can provide clear policy guidelines, offer training on how to identify bias, and review every aspect of the employment life cycle for unconscious bias. For example, unconscious bias and equality may be considered in relation to composition of search committees, screening resumes, interviews, voting process, assignment process, mentoring programs, performance evaluation, and promotion. As a broader scientific community, we can reframe conversations to focus on fair treatment and respect.
ITD: Native Americans have become quite active in fisheries management, but we notice there was no race/ethnicity category for this group in your study. Why not?
B&I: The numbers of Native Americans were extremely low and not represented in all regions, so we merged multiple non-white races together. It is ironic that given the strong and ancestral connection between Native Americans and fisheries resources we do not have better representation by them in the current fisheries workforce — at least not in federal or academic positions.
ITD: Beyond a possible hiring bias, what can we do about the potentially decreased retention of ethnically diverse fisheries professionals, especially in many of the smaller, less diverse communities where fisheries folks often end up working?
B&I: Although enhancing diversity in the workforce consists of both inclusion and retention, the issue of diversity is clearly broader than our workplaces. They are set in communities with different cultures and social norms and if we want to include and retain diverse candidates, then we are going to have to make changes in the broader community to welcome individuals from other cultures and make them feel at home. However, this is not an excuse to avoid selecting diverse candidates in a community that lacks cultural diversity, like some of the small "college towns" in the US.
ITD: SFS prides itself on inclusion. For example, we like to brag about the number of different countries represented at our annual meeting. We have also recently developed a program (INSTARS) that provides support and mentorship for undergraduates from underrepresented groups. Ultimately, the hope is to increase cultural diversity in our society. Do you have any specific advice for us?
B&I: What is the proportion of women and minorities in our society, in our classes, and in our workplace? We need to start asking and answering these questions as a starting point to conversations about diversity. SFS has had a number of initiatives to enhance diversity and we need to continue them. Many times having conversations about diversity means having conversations about unconscious bias, which are crucial, but oftentimes uncomfortable conversations to have. After all, we are all biased and being aware of our own biases will help us eliminate them in the workplace.
Embracing diversity is a lifestyle choice. It is not something where effort is put forth once and it is done. It requires continual attention. Each individual has to constantly self-reflect, acknowledge biases, and consciously work on eliminating them. It is a lot like adaptive management, we have to change and adjust as the local conditions and people around us change. Ross et al. 2008 (Diversity Best Practices) writes "diversity requires awareness, introspection, authenticity, humility, and compassion. And most of all, it requires communication and a willingness to act."
Author Ivan Arismendi. Please visit his website for a direct link to he & Brooke Penaluna's Bioscience article: http://fw.oregonstate.edu/content/ivan-arismendi-arismendi
Did you know SFS is a founding member of CASS, which has been around since 2010? Do you even know what CASS is? We didn't know much, so Randy Fuller (our current SFS rep to CASS) and Matt McTammany (SFS chair of the Education & Diversity committee) filled us in. Turns out it's pretty awesome!
A bit of background (thanks to Randy).
In 2010, SFS joined forces with ASLO, SWS (the wetland folks), and CERF (Coastal & Estuarine Research Federation) to form CASS as a unified voice for promoting international aquatic ecosystem research, education, and outreach. AFS (American Fisheries Society) and PSA (Phycological Society) have joined more recently, bringing the number of societies officially contributing to this voice to six (representing 15,000+ aquatic society members). Thus far, CASS's main activities have been twofold, including public outreach and communicating aquatic scientific consensus to policymakers. The regional scope in these early years has been North American, but the idea is to gradually expand to the international scale.
The key points from the CASS 'Memorandum of Understanding':
- RECOGNIZING the importance of all aquatic and wetland ecosystems, spanning from headwaters to oceans, as significant components of the World's ecosphere;
- NOTING that the health of these freshwater, estuarine, and marine ecosystems is threatened globally by a wide variety of anthropogenic activities;
- NOTING that these aquatic ecosystems are critical for the planet's sustainability, and are an important economic resource for many nations in sectors such as aquaculture, fisheries, and tourism;
- AWARE OF shared global interests, objectives, and leadership of AFS, ASLO, CERF, PSA, SFS, SWS and other organizations in promoting, coordinating, and sharing scientific expertise and knowledge of these global aquatic ecosystems; and
- FURTHER NOTING the common interests of the AFS, ASLO, CERF, PSA, SFS, and SWS, and other organizations in expanding the international scope, membership, and influence of their respective organizations.
The current SFS approach is to designate a representative (Randy at the moment) to be our official liaison to CASS in their monthly conference calls and to keep the SFS president and Board of Directors informed of what's going on. As needed, Randy recruits other SFS members to participate in CASS activities. For example, the most recent [US] congressional briefing sponsored by CASS presented the science behind the EPA definition of "Waters of the United States" for the Clean Water Act, and SFS member Stuart Findlay gave a presentation on connectivity. CASS also organizes public outreach activities, and a current plan is in development to participate in the upcoming SACNAS (Society for the Advancement of Chicanos/Hispanics and Native Americans in Science) national meeting in October to provide information about the member societies and to inform the SACNAS undergrads about research and career opportunities in the aquatic sciences. But thus far the public outreach event CASS has participated in most consistently has been the biennial USA Science & Engineering Festival (SEF) in Washington, DC. The 2016 SEF just happened last month. Matt McTammany and Joseph Morgan represented SFS at this big event, and Matt provided the following report "from the field".
The CASS booth at the US Science & Engineering Fair, April 2016. (photo: Emily Tyner)
CASS at this year's USA Science & Engineering Festival (thanks to Matt).
The USA-SEF is a 3-day event held biennially in Washington, DC to give kids of all ages the opportunity to explore STEM disciplines through a variety of hands-on and interactive displays and by meeting celebrity (and putatively 'normal') scientists. This year, over 365,000 people visited the Walter E. Washington Convention Center where over 3000 exhibitors enthusiastically shared their love of science, technology, and engineering.
The CASS booth had several interactive activities, including touch-tanks with live aquatic insects, alginate gel art creations, 'Make-a-Plankter' (constructing neutrally buoyant 'plankton' from pipe cleaners, feathers, metal washers, etc), a freshwater scarcity demonstration, and a selfie station for kids to dress like aquatic scientists. On top of that, there was swag… check out the wristbands!
Aquatic sciences wristbands for the taking at the CASS booth at US-SEF this year. Apparently, SFS's was the bottom one, with the slogan "Benthos: we are the bottom dwellers". (photo: Matt McTammany)
From the time the doors opened until they closed, there was a non-stop flow of curious kids and energetic questions from kids and adults alike. Odonate nymphs and stickbait larvae (Pycnopsyche) never disappoint! While it is unlikely that 365,000 people stopped at the CASS booth, the number was certainly well into the thousands.
The event itself was absolutely amazing! When the CASS volunteers weren't sharing their excitement about their own scientific discipline, they were free to explore the other displays. Let me just say, the swag was everywhere! There were stages with performers, like They Might Be Giants, celebrities (e.g. Will Wheaton), and science demonstrations ("Time, Einstein, and the Coldest Stuff in the Universe" by Nobel Prize winning physicist William Phillips, and Schmitty the Weather Dog). The Convention Center was packed to the brim with robots, lasers, super computers, drones, nanotechnology, satellites, and yes, even aquatic insects. In three days, nobody could see it all!
Matt and a flock of budding freshwater scientists at the CASS booth at US-SEF. (photo: Andy Baldwin)
While the future of the USA-SEF is uncertain (it's expensive and very difficult to organize), SFS will definitely be there if it happens again. Contact Matt (firstname.lastname@example.org) if you would like further information, if you are interested in volunteering for the next USA-SEF, or if you want to suggest a different slogan for SFS. (We are the bottom dwellers!?… Nice one, Randy.)
CASS also has a Facebook page that you should consider following: https://www.facebook.com/AquaticSocieties/ (And Matt is in the current cover photo).
Your in the drift newsletter is brought to you by Deb Finn, Julie Zimmerman, and Patina Mendez. We represent the Public Information and Publicity (PIP) committee of SFS, co-chaired by Becky Bixby and Ayesha Burdett.
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